||Island Ford, Parkers Ford, Snickers Ferry, Castleman’s Ferry
||Early’s Raid and Operations against the B&O Railroad (June-August 1864)
||July 17-18, 1864
||Maj. Gen. Horatio Wright [US]; Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early [CS]
||13,000 total (US 5,000; CS 8,000)
||819 total (US 422; CS 397)
||A Union column, consisting of the VI Corps and elements of the XIX Corps under Maj. Gen.
Horatio Wright, pursued Early’s army as it withdrew from the environs of Washington, D.C. Wright’s force was
joined by elements of Crook’s command, which had accompanied Hunter during his retreat through West
Virginia. On July 17, the Union cavalry passed through Snickers Gap and attempted to force passage of the
Shenandoah River at Snickers Ford (Castleman’s Ferry). On the morning of July 18, the vanguard of the Union
infantry moved through Snickers Gap. Col. Joseph Thoburn (of Crook’s command) led his division downstream
to cross the river at Judge Richard Parker’s Ford. Early’s three nearby infantry divisions moved to defend the
fords. In the afternoon, Rodes’s division attacked and shattered Thoburn’s right flank on the Cool Spring
plantation. Thoburn made a stand behind a stone wall at the river’s edge and beat off three attacks until darkness
enabled him to withdraw. Union pursuit of Early was delayed several days.