|After victory at First Manassas, the Confederate army established a defensive line from Centreville
along the Occoquan River to the Potomac River. In October, the Confederates constructed batteries at
Evansport, Freestone Point, Shipping Point, and Cockpit Point to close the Potomac River to shipping and isolate
Washington. By mid-December, the Confederates had 37 heavy guns in position along the river. On January 3,
Cockpit Point was shelled by Anacostia and Yankee with neither side gaining an advantage. Union ships
approached the point again on March 9 but discovered that the Confederates had abandoned their works and
retired closer to Richmond, after effectively sealing off the Potomac River for nearly five months.